Rebuilding Central Park: A Management and Restoration Plan

  • Part Three: Central Park as An Outdoor Museum

    Public space is often considered as a desirable receptacle for memorial monuments and artistic sculptures created for outdoor display. While being a work of art in its own right, Central Park can also be considered as an outdoor museum with four additional wings – Frederick Douglas Circle at 110th Street and Central Park West; Duke Ellington Circle at 110th Street and Fifth Avenue; The Maine Monument plaza at Columbus Circle; and Grand Army plaza at 59th Street and Fifth Avenue.

  • Part Two: Central Park as An Outdoor Museum

    Historical reverence begets memorials of persons of patriotic and moral leadership, political righteousness, valor in military battle, and figures of religious influence and scientific genius. Before and after the Civil War drastically altered the social, economic, and cultural conditions of the nation, American artists, many of whom were trained in Italy, adopted individual styles in which naturalism played a role not only in sculptural portraiture but also with regard to animals, creating an entire genre of beguiling beasts in bronze.